Also called Doxorubricin. This is a red liquid given intravenously. It can cause severe irritation if given outside the vein. Bone marrow suppression and GI upset are common. Some animals develop colitis (irritation of the colon) or have allergic reactions while the drug is given. After at least 6 doses, a type of heart disease may develop. The first and sometimes second urination after treatment will have a red tinge to it – this is normal.
Also called Oncovin. This drug must be given intravenously or it will cause extreme irritation. It has mild effects on the bone marrow but can make the bone marrow suppression of other drugs more severe. It may cause constipation or dizziness.
This drug can be given by injection or orally in pill form. It causes bone marrow suppression and GI upset. It can also cause a form of bladder irritation. If this is being given in pill form, owners must wear gloves when handling the pills.
Also called Elspar. This drug is given intramuscularly. It can cause allergic reactions and so animals must be observed for 1 hour after injection. It causes bone marrow suppression and GI upset.
This drug is a form of platinum that must be given IV. It can cause kidney problems and so is always given with large amounts of fluid. Bone marrow suppression and GI upset are also possible. THE URINE EXCRETED AFTER INFUSION OF CIS-PLATIN CONTAINS ACTIVE DRUG! Patients will always be kept at the hospital until they empty their bladders at least once before going home. Urine should be handled with gloves and diluted with a hose for 72 hours post-injection. Cis-platin is very toxic to cats.
This drug is related to cis-platin but cats can tolerate it very well. It may cause GI upset and bone marrow suppression. THE URINE EXCRETED AFTER INFUSION OF CARBOPLATIN CONTAINS ACTIVE DRUG! Patients will always be kept at the hospital until they empty their bladders at least once before going home. Urine should be handled with gloves and diluted with a hose for 72 hours post-injection.
This commonly used drug will most likely make patients feel better. It is anti-inflammatory and does kill some tumor cells, especially lymphomas. It will cause increased thirst and urination and may improve appetite. It does not cause the typical chemotherapy side effects listed above.